Am Gov200 Ch 23&24

April 16th, 2011

The Making of America Ch 23&24 from Mrs. Brenda MacMenamin on Vimeo.

Chapter 23
1. What does Article 1 cover?
2. What does Article 2 cover?
3. What does Article 3 cover?
4. Why did Jefferson say that “free government is founded in jealousy”?
5. What are the 6 “Chains of the Constitution”?
6. How has the Supreme Court Evolved into Its Role as “Guardian” of the Constitution?
7. What is the major problem with the federal judiciary?
8. How did Jefferson and Marshall feel the same? Different?
9. What were Jefferson’s objections to letting the Federal Judiciary determine constitutional questions?
10. Why did judicial review win out over Jefferson’s concerns?
11. How should the judges interpret the Constitution?
12. What did Jefferson think judicial review would cause?
13. What plan did Jefferson propose for solving the Constitutional crisis?

The Making of America Ch 24 from Mrs. Brenda MacMenamin on Vimeo.

Chapter 24 Please answer the following questions and explain the clauses:
1.Without federal courts, what did disputes between the states become?
2.How many judicial jurisdictions were there originally?
The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.

The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour,

…..and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.
Section. 2.
The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity,

…arising under this Constitution,

……the Laws of the United States,

……and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;-

……to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls

…….to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;

…….to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;

… Controversies between two or more States;

……between a State and Citizens of another State, (why was this repealed by the Eleventh Amendment?)

……between Citizens of different States,

…..between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States,

…… and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.

In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls,

……and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction.

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