Am Gov200 Ch 21&22

April 12th, 2011
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The Making of America Ch 21 from Mrs. Brenda MacMenamin on Vimeo.

The Making of America Ch 21-22a from Mrs. Brenda MacMenamin on Vimeo.

The Making of America Ch 22 from Mrs. Brenda MacMenamin on Vimeo.

Chapter 21 “The Most Powerful Political Office in the World”

Explain each provision in this chapter and its clause of the Constitution. Be sure to include quotes from the founding fathers’ debates in your answers to illustrate their original intent. Include any pertinent history and your own insight as to how the revelation the Lord gave our founding fathers could solve present situations today.

Articles 2.1.1-2.1.7
[135] The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America.
[136] He shall hold his office during the term of four years
[137] …and, together with the Vice-President chosen for the same term, be elected as follows:
[138] Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress:
[139] …but no Senator or Representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States shall be appointed an elector.
The electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot for two persons of whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for and of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the President if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the President, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by ballot the Vice-President. [The preceding section has been superseded by the Twelfth Amendment.]
[140] The Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors and the day on which they shall give their votes; which day shall be the same throughout the United States.
[141] No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President;
[142] …neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty-five years
[143] …and been fourteen years a resident within the United States.
[144] In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice-President,
[145] … and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, resignation, or inability, both of the President and Vice-President, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall act accordingly until the disability be removed or a President shall be elected.
[146] The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected,
[147] …and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the United States or any of them.

1. What are the six areas of responsibilities of executive office?
2. What are some of the responsibilities that we expect of the president that are not constitutional?
3. What are four problems of expecting the president to solve so many of our problems?
4. Is the executive power given to one man or to the branch?
5. Why did the founders decide on four year terms for the president?
6. How are president and VP elected? What is the electoral college?
7. Who can be a presidential elector?
8. What are the qualifications of president?
9. Who takes his place? If there is no VP?
10. Is the president compensated for his services? Can he receive any other compensation from other branches?

Chapter 22 “The Powers and Responsibilities of the President”

Explain each provision in this chapter and its clause of the Constitution. Be sure to include quotes from the founding fathers’ debates in your answers to illustrate their original intent. Include any pertinent history and your own insight as to how the revelation the Lord gave our founding fathers could solve present situations today.

Articles 2.1.8-2.4
[148] Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:–“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”
[149] The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States;
[150] ….he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices,
[151] ….and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States,
[152] ….except in Cases of Impeachment.
[153] He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur;
[154] …and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for,
[155] …. and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
[156] The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.
[157] He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union,
[158] ….and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient;
[159] ….he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them,
[160] ….and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper;
[161] ….he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers;
[162] ….he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed,
[163] ….and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.
[164] The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

1. What oath does the president have to make?
2. What did George Washington add to it?
3. When does the president, as the executor, have conflicts with the legislative branch?
4. What are the president’s powers during wartime?
5. Does the president have the Constitutional authority to form a cabinet?
6. Why does the Constitution give the president the right to grant reprieves and pardons?
7. Why was the president given the power to make treaties with other nations. What is required as a safeguard?
8. Is the president expected to report to Congress? How?
9. How is the president to “see that the federal laws are faithfully administered and executed?
10. Can the president be impeached? Why? How?

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