Am Gov200 Ch 17&18

March 28th, 2011
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Chapter 17 “Money, Post Offices, and Copyrights and Patents”

The Making of America Ch 17 from Mrs. Brenda MacMenamin on Vimeo.

Explain each provision in this chapter and its clause of the Constitution. Be sure to include quotes from the founding fathers’ debates in your answers to illustrate their original intent. Include any pertinent history and your own insight as to how the revelation the Lord gave our founding fathers could solve present situations today.

Articles 1.8.5-1.8.17
[87] To coin money, regulate the value thereof and of foreign coin,
[88]…and fix the standard of weights and measures;
[89] To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States;
[90] To establish post offices and post roads;
[91] To promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive rights to their respective writings and discoveries;
[92] To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court;
[93] To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas
[94] …and offences against the law of nations;

1. What did the founders think about giving the federal government the power to “emit bills of credit”?
2. What are five constitutional provisions concerning money.
3. Define two kinds of paper money.
4. What are advantages of using paper currency? Who should issue paper currency? By 1798, what lessons had been learned about who should issue paper currency?
5. Describe the American monetary system from the Civil War period until the year 1913.
6. Describe the changes in US monetary policy between 1913 and 1973.
7. What is the advantage of having fixed weights and measures? Why should this be a federal responsibility?
8. How has the federal government standardized weights and measures?
9. What was the evolution of the post office?
10. Why would the founders consider that the federal government had the responsibility to protect the creative works of people? How long did they decide to grant the right of copyright?
11. Why was the Congress given the power to create federal courts inferior to the Supreme Court?
12. Why was Congress given the responsibility to punish crimes on the high seas?
13. What is the “law of nations” How has the UN and the World Court tried to usurp the sovereignty of the US?

Chapter 18 “The War Powers and the Remaining Enumerated Powers”

The Making of America Ch 18 from Mrs. Brenda MacMenamin on Vimeo.

Explain each provision in this chapter and its clause of the Constitution. Be sure to include quotes from the founding fathers’ debates in your answers to illustrate their original intent. Include any pertinent history and your own insight as to how the revelation the Lord gave our founding fathers could solve present situations today.

Articles 1.8.11-17
[95] To declare war,
[96] …grant letters of marque and reprisal,
[97] …and make rules concerning captures on land and water;
[98] To raise & support armies, but no appropriation of money to that use shall be for a longer term than two years;
[99] To provide and maintain a Navy;
[100] To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces;
[101] To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions;
[102] To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States,
[103] …reserving to the States respectively the appointment of the officers and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
[104] To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States,
[105] ….and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State in which the same shall be for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dockyards, and other needful buildings; – and
[106] To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States or in any department or officer thereof.

1. Who has the sole power to declare war? How many times has it been invoked?
2. Does the president have power to repel sudden attacks?
3. What was the founders policy on waging war?
4. What was a letter of marquee and reprisal?
5. Who makes the rules of capture in wartime?
6. Why was Congress given the responsibility of financing war?
7. What did the founders think about a standing army in peacetime?
8. Why did the founders think a navy was important?
9. Who did the people empower to make rules and regulations for the governing of the land and naval forces? Why?
10. For what Constitutional purpose should the federal government own land?

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